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What is Brufen?
Brufen commonly known as ibuprofen is a medication that helps in treating body pains, fever, sprains, strains, arthritis, pain after surgical operations and in higher doses it helps in reducing inflammation. It belongs to a category of drugs known as a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug(NSAID). Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are drugs that help with pain relief, fever, blood clots and also help in reducing inflammation. Brufen helps in relieving pains like menstrual cramps migraines and even rheumatoid arthritis. It is available in the form of tablets, gel, spray or mousses. Brufen is an over the counter medication which means that it can be bought without any prescription. Brufen is considered to be a non-addictive drug as opposed to opioid painkillers.
Uses of Brufen
Brufen is used as a medication for different types of illness and symptoms, some of them are listed below:
- It helps with different types of arthritis like osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and rheumatoid arthritis
- It helps with inflammation and pain caused due to broken or dislocated bones
- It helps in relieving pains caused due to menstruation
- It helps with bone and muscle injuries like strains, back pains, sprains, tendonitis and rheumatism
- It helps with dental pains
- It also helps in reducing high fever
- It helps with pains caused post surgery
- It can also be used to cure headaches
For minor pains like headaches, the use of medicine is short term but in the case of anti-inflammatory-related issues like arthritis, the use may be long term.
Although the medicine can be used to treat the symptoms of inflammation and pain it does not cure the underlying condition. Brufen is added in some medications, for example, to create a remedy for cold and flu.
Side Effects of Brufen
Like any other medication, Brufen can cause also cause some side effects, some are common some may be rare and see a very rare. Common side effects may include:
- Stomach or intestinal pains
- Skin Rashes
- Buzzing or ringing in the ears
- Yellow colored skin or eyes
- Reduced urine
- Running nose
Some rare side effects may include:
- Stomach inflammation
- Hypertension(high blood pressure)
- Ulcers in the digestive system
- Fluid retention or edema
- Worsening asthma symptoms
If you experience dizziness after taking Brufen, do not drive or operate any kind of heavy machinery. Even though most of the symptoms have been listed above but in very rare cases, a person might experience stomach bleeding. The signs include passing black stools or vomiting blood. In the long term, Brufen is also known to reduce fertility in women, but the problem reverses after the treatment is over.
Apart from the side effects, the medication should be avoided by people who:
- Have or had a peptic ulcer
- Are sensitive to aspirin or any other NSAID
- Have had severe heart failure
- Liver problems
- Have hypertension, or high blood pressure
- Had coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery
- Had angina, heart attacks (ischemic heart disease)
- Any experience of stomach bleeding
- Had Stroke
- Had mild heart failure
- Have/Had Kidney problems
- Peripheral arterial disease(narrowing of the arteries)
The United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) back in 2015, emphasized their warnings about the increased risk of heart strokes when taking in high doses of Brufen. People are advised to seek medical attention as soon as their experience any kind of chest pains, sudden weakness in some part of the body, stammered speech and breathing problems.
If you are not sure about your condition, please consult a doctor or experienced pharmacist before taking the medicine.
Brufen Drug Interactions:
Some medicines can interfere with the effects of other medication and may cause a drug reaction. This is known as drug interaction in medical terms.
There an about 468 drugs that are known to interact with Brufen. Some of them may include:
Brufen should not be taken with anti-inflammatory painkillers like Voltaren, naproxen or indomethacin as they are all painkillers. It also increases the risk of stomach bleeding.
Antihypertensive medications are drugs that are taken to treat hypertension. Taking Brufen with these may lead to increased blood pressure.
Digoxin is a drug that is used to treat atrial fibrillation. Together with Brufen, they can result in high blood pressure.
Aspirin, when taken along with Ibuprofen, increases the risk of stomach bleeding. Low doses of aspirin help with blood thinning. Brufen taken along with a low dosage of Aspirin diminishes the blood thinning effect.
Methotrexate is used to treat some autoimmune diseases and cancer. Brufen makes if hard to eliminate methotrexate from the body. This may lead to dangerous levels of methotrexate levels in the body.
Lithium is used to treat some mental disorders. When taken with Brufen, it becomes hard for the body to excrete Lithium out of the body which can be dangerous.
Tacrolimus is used after an organ transplant. The job of this drug is to make sure that the immune system does not reject the organ transplant. Tacrolimus and Brufen, when taken together, can cause kidney damage.
Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs):
Drugs like fluoxetine, citalopram, paroxetine, and sertraline when taken with Brufen increase the risk of bleeding.
Warfarin is an anticoagulant drug. Anticoagulants are drugs that stop blood from clotting, blood thinners. Brufen can prevent anticoagulant from working. Before taking Brufen, one must consult an experienced pharmacist or a doctor.
USA brands equivalent to Brufen
There are some substitutes available for Brufen. These may include:
- Mobic (meloxicam)
- Ecotrin (aspirin)
- Tylenol Regular Strength
- Celebrex (celecoxib)
- Cambia (diclofenac)
- Lodine (Etodolac)
- Relafen (nabumetone)
Frequently Asked Questions(FAQs)
How long Brufen should be continued?
If Brufen is taking on a daily basis, it should not be continued for more than 30 days.
Brufen is a harmless effective pain killer for the most part but when taken daily, it might start causing some side effects. So, it’s advisable to not continue Brufen after 30 days.
The dosage can range from 400 mg to 800 mg a day and can be taken 4 times a day for 30 days. Post that the medicine should not be taken unless consulted otherwise by your doctor.
How Brufen works?
This works by blocking the effect of some natural chemicals called cyclooxygenase (COX) enzymes. Cyclooxygenase (COX) enzymes are responsible for making other chemicals in the body called prostaglandins(PG). Prostaglandins(PG) is a chemical that the body release when hit by some kind of illness or injury. Prostaglandins are responsible for causing inflammation and pains. These compounds are released by the brain and even cause fever. By blocking prostaglandins, the body doesn’t feel any pain caused by illness or injury.
How to take Brufen?
This is taken by mouth. It can be taken every 4 to 6 hours with a glass of water. If you get an upset stomach after taking it with water try taking it with food, milk or antacid.
Do not lie down for at least 10 mins after taking the medicine.